Structure and Functions of Student Councils in Secondary Schools in Kericho County, Kenya

Authors

  • Betty Chemutai Koech Masters Student, Peace and Conflict Studies of Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51867/scimundi.4.1.4

Keywords:

Functions, Kericho County, Secondary Schools, Student Councils, Structure

Abstract

In Kenyan secondary schools, student conflicts pose significant challenges in the 21st century. This study aimed to evaluate the structure and functions of student councils in secondary schools in Kericho County, Kenya, based on the functionalism theory. The evaluation research design was employed, targeting students, teachers, and school principals, school boards of management, County director of education, and sub-county directors of education in Kericho County. A combination of probability and non-probability sampling techniques was used to select 568 respondents, including 384 students, 120 teachers, and various school administrators. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, presenting frequencies, percentages, mean, and standard deviation. Qualitative data was analyzed through data coding and narrative analysis, presented using graphs, charts, and tables. Results showed that 81% of respondents indicated the student council was elected by students, although the administration had significant input. Only 16% agreed that there was no administration interference in the council formation process. Most student councils (47%) comprised 21-40 prefects, with only a few (10%) having 1-20 students. Regarding effectiveness, 68% of respondents were comfortable with the council's performance, while 20% believed it was too large to be effective, and 12% considered it too small. In conclusion, the student council structure allows for effective discipline management and conflict resolution. However, the administration's influence in council formation affects its perceived efficacy, leading to student perception of loyalty to the administration. The study recommends government intervention to limit administrative interference in student council formation, fostering true democratic processes in school governance.

References

Anderson, K., Ritter, G., (2017). Disparate Use of Exclusionary Discipline: Evidence on Inequities in School Discipline from A U.S. State. Education Policy Analysis Archives. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.25.2787 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.25.2787

Blank, C., & Shavit Y. (2016). The Association Between Student Reports of Classmates' Disruptive Behavior and Student Achievement. SAGE Journals, 2(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/2332858416653921 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2332858416653921

Damiani, J. (2016). Unlocking students' perspectives of school leadership: toward a theory of engaging students in school leadership. International Journal of Student Voice, 1(1). https://ijsv.psu.edu/wp- content/uploads/2016/10/Damiani-2016-.pdf

Daniel, O. A. (2015). Role of students' representative council in fighting against students' indiscipline in the second cycle institutions in Kumasi metropolitan directorate of education. African Journal of Education and Human Development ISSN: 2518-0304, 1(1).

Eesuola, O. (2012). Declining political activism amongst among Nigerian university students. UniLag Journal of Politics, 6 (2012), 47-64.

Gómez-Diago, G. (2019). Functionalist theory. In The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media and Society http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483375519.n260 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483375519.n260

Griebler, U & Nowak, P. (2012). Student councils: A tool for health promoting schools? Characteristics and effects. Health Education, 112(2), 105-132. https://doi.org/10.1108/09654281211203402 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/09654281211203402

Idu, I. P., & Olugbade, O.D. (2011). Indiscipline in secondary schools: A cry to all stakeholders in Education. International Association for Teaching and Learning, 729-735.

Kibui, A., Kibera, L., & Bradshaw, G. (2014). Conflict Management as a Tool for Restoring Discipline in Kenyan Public Secondary Schools. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology, 1(3), 1-10.

Kigotho, W. (2000). Teacher raped in school riot. TES https://www.tes.com/news/teacher-raped-school-riot

KNBS & SID. (2013). Exploring Kenya's Inequalities: Pulling a part of together? Retrieved from http://inequalities.sidint.net/kenya/wp- content/uploads/sites/3/2013/11/Demographic%20Indicators.pdf

KNBS (2010). National Population Census Report. Government Printer: Nairobi

Koross, K. (2015). Demand for school buses by students linked to persistent unrest in secondary schools. The Standard, July 31st, 2015.

Kumwenda, G. E. (2010). Pupils' riots in selected high schools: Their Causes, Effects and Implications. (M. Ed Thesis). University of Zambia, Lusaka.

Mboyonga, E. (2018). The Role of Student Representative Councils in Curbing Students' Riots in Selected Secondary Schools of Chipata District, Zambia. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE), 5(3), 36-43. https://doi.org/10.20431/2349-0381.0503004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20431/2349-0381.0503004

Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. (2016). Speech by The Cabinet Secretary Ministry of Education Science & Technology during The Opening Ceremony of The 8th Annual National Secondary Students' Council Leaders' Conference Held at Bomas of Kenya on 12th March 2016 https://education.go.ke/images/cs_speeches/CS_SPEECH_FOR_STUDENT_CO UNCIL.doc

Mukiti, M. T. (2014). Role of Students Council in Secondary Schools Management in Mwingi Central District, Kitui County, Kenya (Thesis, Kenyatta University, 1-118).

Murage, L. M. (2014). Influence of Student Councils on Management of Discipline in Secondary Schools in Kirinyaga East District: Kenya (Thesis, Karatina University, Kenya).

Mwanza, T. S. (2013). Characteristics of Schools with Frequent Student Behaviour Problems. Berlin: Lambert Academic Publishing.

Nekesa, M. (2018). Role Of Students' Councils in Enhancing Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Likoni Sub-County Mombasa County Kenya (Master's Thesis, Kenyatta University).

Urry, J., (2000)."Metaphors". Sociology beyond societies: mobilities for the twenty-first century. Routledge.

Utomi, P. (2006). Why nations are poor. Lagos: Lagos Business School.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-06

How to Cite

Koech, B. C. (2024). Structure and Functions of Student Councils in Secondary Schools in Kericho County, Kenya. SCIENCE MUNDI, 4(1), 36–51. https://doi.org/10.51867/scimundi.4.1.4