Mentorship Interventions as Predictors of Discipline among Public Secondary School Students in Kiambu County, Kenya




Mentorship Interventions, Behaviour Management Interventions, Discipline, Public Secondary School Students, Kiambu County, Kenya


Mentorship interventions could be a panacea for indiscipline in schools. This paper examined the influence of mentorship interventions on discipline among public secondary school students in Kiambu County, Kenya. Anchored on the Personal Construct Theory (PCT), the study adopted a correlational research design and targeted 227 principals, 3,479 guidance and counseling teachers, and 89,065 students in Kiambu County. From these, the study sampled 23 principals, 97 teachers, and 398 students using the simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using questionnaires, interview guides, and observation schedules. Piloting was conducted to assist in determining the accuracy, clarity, and suitability of the research instruments. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, frequency, and percentages) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation and multivariate regression analysis at a significance level of 0.05). Data from interviews and secondary data sources were subjected to content analysis procedures. The findings showed that there was a positive and significant correlation between student discipline and mentorship interventions (r = 0.403, p<0.05). These findings showed that mentorship interventions indeed influence students’ discipline in the study area. The study recommended that mentorship programs should be initiated where they lacked the potential to enhance students’ discipline.


Allain, K.A, Crath, R., &Çalışkan, G. (2019). Speaking welcome: A discursive analysis of an immigrant mentorship event in Atlantic Canada. Ethnicities, 20 (6), 1197-1217. DOI:

Ames, M.E., McMorris, C.A., Alli, L.A., & Bebko, J.A. (2015). Overview and Evaluation of a Mentorship Program for University Students with ASD. Focus on autism and other developmental disabilities, 31 (1), 27-36. DOI:

Best, J.W., & Kahn, J.V. (2006). Research in Education (10th Ed). Pearson Education Inc., Cape Town.

Curtin, N., Malley, J., & Stewart, A. (2016). Mentoring the next generation of faculty: supporting academic career aspirations among doctoral students. Research in Higher Education, 57(6), 714-738. DOI:

Drape, T., Rudd, R.D., Lopez, M., & Radford, D. (2016). Challenges and Solutions to Higher Education Institutions in Africa. Research-Gate, 9(1), 3-9. DOI:

Du Plessis, E. (2017). Mentorship challenges in the teaching practice of distance learning students. Research-gate, 21(1), 1-7.

Ehiane, S. (2018). Discipline and Academic Performance: A Study of Selected Secondary Schools in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 3 (1), 1.

Gesare, M. (2019). Effectiveness of counseling and non-counseling interventions in preventing alcohol and marijuana abuse among high school students in Kiambu. Master’s Thesis. United States International University -Africa.

GOK. (2016). Ministry of Health adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Kiambu County. Government of Kenya. Accessed on January 7, 2020, from

Igoki, N. (2013). Impact of Headteachers’ Support on the Implementation of Guidance and Counselling in Secondary Schools in Mombasa District, Kenya. Master’s Thesis. Kenyatta University.

Kasomo, D. (2007). Research Methods in Humanities and Education. Research, Statistics, Measurement, Evaluation and Testing. Eldoret, Kenya: Zapf Chancery.

KNBS. (2019). Kenya Population and Housing Census: Population by County and Sub-County. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.

Magai, D., & Malik, J. (2018). Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children and Adolescents in Central Kenya. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 49(1), 659–671. DOI:

Malhotra, N.K. (2004). Marketing research: An applied orientation (4th Ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.

Mugenda, O.M., &Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research Methods Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches Nairobi: ACTS Press Publishers.

Mungai, C. (2010). Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Guidance and Counselling Services in Kenyan Secondary Schools: A Case Study of Thika Town of Ruiru Educational Zone. Master’s Thesis, Kenyatta University.

Ndaita, J.S. (2016). The nature and causes of indiscipline cases among public secondary school students in Thika Sub-County, Kiambu County, Kenya. British Journal of Education, 4 (7), 55-66.

Ng, S., Leng, L., & Wang, Q. (2017). Active Interest Mentorship for Soon-to-Retire People: A Self-Sustaining Retirement Preparation Program. Journal of applied gerontology, 38 (3), 344-364. DOI:

Njoroge, D. (2014). The role of principals in enhancing guidance and counselling services in secondary schools: a case of Gatanga District, Muranga County. Masters Project, Kenyatta University.

Okonofua, J., Paunesku, D., & Walton, G. (2016). Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(19), 5221-5226. DOI:

Orenge, E. (2011). The Status of Career Guidance and Counselling Services for Students in Nairobi Province. Masters Project, Kenyatta University.

Orodho, J. A. (2005). Techniques of writing research proposals and reports in education and social sciences (2nded.). Nairobi: Kenezja Hp Enterprises.

Theuri, J., & Nzioka, D. (2021). Alcohol and Drug Abuse as Ecological Predictors of Risk Taking Behaviour among Secondary School Students in Kajiado North Sub-County, Kajiado County, Kenya. African Journal of Empirical Research, 2(1&2), 50–55. DOI:

Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics, An Introductory Analysis (2nd Ed). New York: Harper and Row.




How to Cite

Kariithi, A., Kimani, M., & Mukolwe, N. (2022). Mentorship Interventions as Predictors of Discipline among Public Secondary School Students in Kiambu County, Kenya. SCIENCE MUNDI, 2(1), 84–95.